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Definition and Symptoms of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Wednesday, 10 August 2022 00:00

Common symptoms of the foot condition that is known as tarsal tunnel syndrome can include pain, numbness, and weakness in the toes and foot. There is a part of the foot that is called the tarsal tunnel, and is found between the ligaments that run across the foot and the inside of the ankle. Movement and flexibility are made possible by the nerves, arteries, and tendons that are within this tunnel, and repeated pressure on the nerves can cause tarsal tunnel syndrome. This can happen as a result of wearing tight shoes, an existing bony overgrowth in the ankle, or from a foot injury. Additionally, there may be current medical conditions that can cause this condition, such as diabetes, arthritis, or a thyroid disorder. Other symptoms that patients can experience include foot or toe pain, a sensation of an electric shock around the ankle or sole of the foot, and possible swelling. Relief may be found when compression stockings are worn, and specific medicine is prescribed. If you have developed this ailment, it is suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively diagnose and treat tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Piedmont Podiatry Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Greenville, and Easley, SC . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
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